History of Department

Department of “Mechanics for Materials Plasticity and resource-saving processes” Department of Mechanics for Materials Plasticity and resource-saving processes (original name – Metal forming) prepares mechanical engineers, and since 1997 prepares bachelors and masters degree in “Machines and metal forming technology.” Training and scientific work on improving the technology and equipment for plastic forming of parts by deformation, started at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute in the first years of foundation. Since the first release of the mechanical engineering department of the KPI in 1903, three of the 10 experts defended dissertations at themes of forging technology. Preparation of Mechanical Engineers of metal forming machinery contributed to the rapid development of complete production cycle of manufacturing machines, cast and forging production, CNC cutting equipment and assembly. In addition, a considerable fact that in 1902 the Kiev Polytechnic Institute as a full-time technical teacher was invited Markovic J. N. He graduated from the mechanical department of Kharkov Institute of Technology (1897) with the title of engineer, worked in Kharkiv plant as designer, at their own expense passed the training course in Germany, Dortmund Higher Technical School. Soon Markovic J. N. was charged lecturing and management diploma course design with metal forming, which in 1913 was officially introduced in the curriculum. The same year, Markovic J. defended and published in Kiev a thesis “Calculation and theoretical study of steam hammer with automatic steam distribution”, earning a degree in mechanical technology in metal forming. In this major work the first scientific theory concept of forging machines percussion was laid. Since 1913 training in metal forming in KPI evolved in a separate line under the guidance of renowned scientist Markovic J. M. Markovic J. M. was not only a renowned scientist, but also an outstanding university teacher of several disciplines in engineering profile. In addition to basic courses in metal forming and forging machines, he lectured and led the design of machine parts and lifting mechanisms, conducted lectures and workshops on technical drawing and descriptive geometry. He set up an office, and then the chair of metal forming, chair of machine parts and modeling study of technical drawings, mechanical training workshops were organized in forging department with a pneumatic drive hammer. Thus, September 1, 1930 – the date of birth of Department of metal forming as an independent research and educational unit. Students that specialize in metal forming in the 20s and 30s of the last century were prepared mainly as technologists with hot and cold deformation and mechanics as forging presses. Starting from the 30s of the last century in the domestic engineering a cold stamping of sheet occupied an appropriate place in mass and large-scale production of cars, tractors, agricultural machines and various other products. This was facilitated by the introduction of commercially hot- and cold rolled production of sheet as source for sheet metal technology. After the departure of J. M. Markovic in 1930 to Gorky and renaming KPI in Kyiv Industrial Institute in 1934, Department of metal forming led by Baklan N. F., an experienced mechanical engineer, who worked previously at the Kiev factory “Bolshevik”, specialist in forging and stamping. Later, in department, began working experienced professionals Kyrychynskyy V. R. (former chief engineer of the plant “Bolshevik”) and Grom I. K. In 1939-40 years Grom I. K. and Kyrychynskyy V.R .defended their dissertations and received the title of associate professors. In the 1938-1939, 2 professors, 2 associate professors, 2 senior lecturers and 1 assistant worked in the Department. Educational process was provided by 1 senior laboratory assistant, 1 assistant and 1 articulator. Until 1941 the department had trained about 300 mechanical engineers. Some of them have become major industry leaders, scientists, professors. In the 1941-1942, the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering evacuated to Tashkent to Central Asian Industrial Institute. In these years the department has not functioned. In the summer of 1942 at the Department of Metal forming of Central Asian Industrial Institute was invited associate professor Naumov P. S. for training of engineers. In the 1942-1943 the group of 15 people was organized, mostly from former students CPI, wounded at the battlefront, who studied at the evening time, because almost all day students worked in the military and other enterprises of Tashkent. Lectures and other classes except Naumov P. conducted by Chyzhskyy A.F. (heating device), engineer of Kiev factory “Lenin forge” – Kogan B.A. (die forging and design shops), associate professor. I. Rosenberg lectured on the organization of production. In March- August 1944 Mechanical Department of the Institute returned to Kyiv and students defended their diploma in the summer of 1945. Chair activity significantly intensified with increasing an enrollment of students with 50 people in full-time education in 1950 and the opening of correspondence (1965-1974 years) and evening learning (from 1962). Work of department had been improved with the arrival in Kyiv Golubev T. M., PhD, Professor, in 1956 from the Siberian Metallurgical Institute (Novo-Kuznetsk, Kemerovo region) Theoretical and experimental studies and research papers of Golubev T. M. in the theory and technology of high-quality rolling gained wide recognition of domestic and foreign experts, and the results of the study of contact interaction of the metal rolls (friction and energy-power settings) entered in the main educational, scientific and technical literature of rolling. Ruled by Timothy Mikhailovich, the Department was replenished by capable young graduates who have entered to graduate school, and began teaching as assistants. Thus, in 1960 enrolled in graduate Yavorovsky V. N., moreover, Ivashchenko V.V. and Steblyuk V.I. become assistants, in 1963 Krivda L.T. was admitted to the graduate school. Under the direction of Holubyev T.M.and Tartakovskiy Y.P. successfully developed a research of vibrating metal forming, successfully defended their dissertations Sohryshynym J. P., Yavorovsky V. N., Ivashchenko V.V., Krivda L.T., Steblyuk V.I. Works become with the Kiev factory “Arsenal”, Kiev motorcycle factory, Tokmakskym Forging Plant, Kiev jewelry factory and so on. In 1959 the laboratory department was relocated from the basement of the main building of a former department chief engineer of the plant Lepse. In the completely renovated room of corps №10 was based machinery room area of about 150 square meters on the ground floor and 200 square meters of the second floor with the office and specialized classrooms, faculty rooms, library and archive projects. Institute Council that year elected Nizkov A. A. as chairman of the department – a graduate of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of 1949, an experienced teacher, energetic organizer, who headed the department during 11 years (up to September 1979). During 1969-79 years significantly increased the amount of research works that were performed under economic contracts with industry, design and research organizations. Among them: plant powder metallurgy (Brovary), Institute of Material Sciences of USSR, factory “Lighthouse” (Kyiv), the All-Union Institute of the Welding (VIZV, Kyiv), AvtoVAZ (Togliatti). During this time a separate research areas has been formed: intensification of forming technology (supervisor – Assoc. Steblyuk V.I.) technology and equipment for stamping by breaking (supervisor – Assoc. Krivda L.T.), vibration-impulse formation of products of powder materials and manufacturing technology for products from ceramics (supervisor – Assoc. Ivaschenko V.V.). Each of these areas is characterized by fundamental novelty, confirmed by copyright certificates USSR, foreign patents and significant economic impact. Especially the processing of powder materials (annual economic effect from the work of cyclone formation from silicon carbide was 1.2 million rubles). In 1978 Doctor of Science Chorny Y. F. was invited as professor, and in 1979 was elected as chairman of the department – known expert in the field of extrusion and processing of metals at high and ultrahigh hydrostatic pressure. At this time the department was again displaced in the main building of KPI, she received the machinery room over 400 square meters on the ground floor, and later the same area under laboratory of computing on the 1st floor and several other facilities. Teaching and laboratory space department increased threefold. Great series of theoretical, technological and development work carried out for many years by a group of students and graduate students led by Professor Steblyuk V.I. The intensification drawing process by high-frequency electric heating of deformation zone was effective for the details with a thick bottom and thin wall of steel sheet. Associate Professor Krivda L.T. was proposed a breaking stamping technology in which localized mobile cell deformation is in full compression, allowing 10-12 times lower axial load effort to ensure even distribution of deformation, increase the maximum degree of deformation and allows to stamp much smaller thickness than traditional technology. Kalyuzhnyy V.L. defended dissertation in theme of hydrostatic pressing, Dobrovlyanskyy S.N. and Kovalenko S.S. in themes of rolled topics. In 1989 Chorny Y. F. leaved the department to temporary work under the contract to the Polytechnic city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, staying supervisor of graduates of KPI. On a competitive basis Y.E. Shamarin, Doctor of Technical Sciences, was elected as head of the Department. Shamarin Y. E. greatly expanded production relations with enterprises of shipbuilding industry. Thanks of Steblyuk V.I., who was elected as a head of the department in 1994, associate V.L. Kalyuzhnyy and V.A. Makovey research continued. The most capable graduates Orlyuk M., Borodiy Y., Holyavik O. remained working at the department. Significantly year for the department was 1999, in which three assistant professors defended Doctoral dissertation and received a degree of Doctor of Science: Steblyuk V.I. (thesis “Development of theory and methods of intensification of forming operations of stamping technology”), Krivda L. T. (thesis: “Scientific basis of breaking stamping, resource-saving technologies and specialized equipment,” Pshenyshnyuk A. S. (thesis: “Scientific fundamentals of reduction of power- and metal-intensive equipment and technology for stamping in conditions of moving localized deformation zone”). In October 2005 Titov V. A., PhD, Professor, graduate of department in 1972, was elected as the head of the department. Past work and scientific relations with the industrial enterprises enabled him to intensify scientific work at the department for economic contracts with industrial enterprises of Ukraine. In department were invited qualified scientists: Doctor of Science Bahlyuk G.A. – Head of department of the Institute for Problems of Materials Science of Ukraine, a graduate of the department in 1979, a specialist in the field of powder metallurgy; PhD, professor Starodub M.P. – Director of the Center for Advanced Technologies Mint National Bank of Ukraine, an expert in the field of production; Doctor of Engineering Nogovitsyn O.V. – Director of scientific and technological innovation and investment and industrial development of the Ministry of Industrial Policy of Ukraine, an expert in the field of metal forming in the rolling industry. The department opened the following specializations: – Information and technical training in engineering production; – System technology in high-tech industry; – The creation of products and nanostructured composite materials. During this period, the volume of contracts with aircraft engine enterprises of Ukraine “Motor Sich” and machine-building enterprise “Progress” was increased. In the framework of international cooperation, department established scientific-pedagogical and scientific-technical cooperation with Technical University of Lublin (Poland) and “Smith Union of Russia” (Russian Federation). To increase design training of students in 2007, a full-time position was invited for Honored inventor of Ukraine, Ph.D., Associate Professor Tryvaylo M. S., who led the inventive work of the department, attracted to the work of young employees and students of the department. In 1992 to the teaching was invited Lysenko O. – General director of “ASCON” in Ukraine, known specialist in the use of computer information technology, which began to teach students computer aided design of structures and processes. Together with “ASCON”, the Department established a computer classroom for training students of NTU “KPI” Ukraine and enterprises, as well as performing research, which is equipped with the licensed software “Compass – 3D» and other applications. The department has 26 employees, including 18 lectures, 3 professors, 7 associate professors, two senior teachers and 6 assistants. Department has also a junior researcher, three graduate students and 6 people teaching and support staff. More than 55 people were PhDs, and directly to the department prepared and defended a thesis more than 20 graduates. Training and communications department The department has trained over 4,000 specialists in metal forming. Among the graduates of the Department are academicians, corresponding members of the Academy of Sciences, more than 20 doctors of science, 50 PhD, hundreds of heads of state and private enterprises, civil servants of higher level. The department trains specialists for institutions NAS of Ukraine and has joint training centers: Institute of Materials, Institute of Electric, Institute for Superhard Materials, Institute of Metal and others. Graduates of the Department provided state enterprises: ASTC. Antonov, Aviant, “Arsenal” and many private companies. Department cooperates with related departments of universities in Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Lugansk, Dniprodzerzhyns, Alchevsk, Zaporozhye, Kirovograd, Lutsk and Kramatorsk. Outstanding employees of industry, science and education – graduates of our department: Lisnyak P.Y. – Director of Kharkov Tractor Plant, the Gorky Automobile Plant, Minister for the automotive industry of the USSR; Sazhin E.G. – director of Kharkiv plant, Minister of Local Industry of Ukraine; He Guan-Yuan – Minister of Heavy Industry of the People’s Republic of China; Naumov P.S. – Chief Technologist “Rostselmash”; Celine M.T. – Chief Engineer of the All-Union Production Association “Soyuzkuzmash”; Nadtochenko A. F. – Chief Designer of bending and stamping equipment of Novokramatorsk machine factory; Zagorovsky Y.V. – general director of “Pryladobudivnyk” (Kharkiv); Vysotskyy A. Y. – Director of bearing plant (Minsk); Venttskovskyy O. P. – Chief Engineer of Boguslav plant; Semendiy V.I. – Director of Press-forging plant of KAMAZ, deputy director of the scientific and technical work of KAMAZ; Halyeta A. P. – Chief Engineer of the “Relay and automation.” Chief Executiveof of department of Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine in 1993-1996 years; Pyhtin V.A., – Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee of Ukraine; Panibratets V.M. – Chief Designer of Department of Special presses of Dnepropetrovsk plant “Tyazhhidropres”; Kalinichenko I. I. – Chief Engineer of the “ENIKMASH” (Voronezh); Melnik V.O. – Deputy Director of Research “ENIKMASH” (Voronezh); Radchuk B. A. – Deputy Director of Artem plant (Kyiv); Babych A. P. – Chief Technologist of the “Electronmash” (Kyiv); Krivov G.A. – President of “Ukrainian Research Institute of Aviation Technology”; Plyesnyetsov Y.O. – Chair of Metal Forming Department of National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute” OM Lysenko – General Director of “ASCON-Ukraine”; VM Smirnyagin – General director of joint venture. Department graduates – Doctors of technical science:

  1.   Borysenko V.O, Doctor of technical science;
  2.   Lyashenko B.A., Doctor of technical science;
  3.   Zabashta V.F., Doctor of technical science;
  4.   Sohryshyn Y.P., Doctor of technical science;
  5.   Stepanov G.V., Doctor of technical science;
  6.   Hamaza L.A., Doctor of technical science;
  7.   Stryzhalo V.A., Doctor of technical science, a member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine;
  8.  Chervanov D.M., Doctor of Economics;
  9.  Katashynskyy V.P., Doctor of technical science;
  10.  Bobyr M.I., Doctor of technical science;
  11.  Levitas V.I., Doctor of technical science;
  12.  Cher Laszlo, Doctor of technical science;
  13.  Skryabin S.D., Doctor of technical science;
  14.  Krivov G.A., Doctor of technical science;
  15.  Hohayev K.O., Doctor of technical science, a member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine;
  16.  Kushpel O.K., Doctor of Science;
  17.  Titov V.A., Doctor of technical science;
  18.  Steblyuk V.I., Doctor of technical science;
  19.  Krivda L.T., Doctor of technical science;
  20.  Pshenyshnyuk O.S., Doctor of technical science;
  21.  Bohinich O.E., Doctor of technical science;
  22.  Bahlyuk G.A., Doctor of technical science.

Students of department repeatedly won the Ukrainian student competition in metal forming, machine parts and others.